Author: boyd-van-dijk

What We’re Reading This Week

Patient, Surrey County Lunatic Asylum (1850-58). The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

COLLIN BERNARD

Quinn Slobodian, “Trump, Populists and the Rise of Right-Wing Globalization,” The New York Times.

Seyla Benhabib, “Below the Asphalt Lies the Beach,” Boston Review.

Nadezhda Azhgikhina, “Russia’s Unlearned Lessons From the Failed Revolt of 1993,” The Nation.

Achin Vanaik, “India’s Two Hegemonies,” New Left Review.

MATTHEW BOWSER

Faisal Devji, “Jamal Khashoggi and the Competing Visions of Islam,” The New York Times.

“‘Iconic’ Image of Palestinian Protestor in Gaza Goes Viral,” Al Jazeera.

Tess Riley, “Just 100 Companies Responsible for 71% of Global Emissions, Study Says,” The Guardian.

“Episode 26: Cold War Legacies Roundtable,” Breaking History Podcast.

MARTIN CREVIER

Andrew Harry, “A Dead Sea Scrolls Forgery Casts Doubt on the Museum of the Bible Controversy,” The Atlantic.

Paige Raibmon, “Provincializing Europe in Canadian History; Or, How to Talk about Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Europeans,” Active History.

MEGHNA CHAUDHURI

Theodore Porter, “Madhouse Genetics,” Aeon.

Anne Schult, “Sovereignty, Property, and the Locus of Power,” JHI Blog.

Kate Wagner, “The Palace and the Storm,” The Baffler.

Kwame Anthony Appiah, “The Myth of Meritocracy: Who Really Gets What They Deserve?,” The Guardian.

DEXTER GOVAN

Soutik Biswas, “Delhi Smog: Foul Air Came from India’s Farming Revolution,” BBC.

Stephen Daker, “The Spectre of Militant,” New Socialist.

Matthew Engel, “A View From the Border: Ireland on the Brink of Brexit,” New Statesman.

Aditya Chakrabortty, “Britain Fell for a Neoliberal Con Trick – Even the IMF Says So,” The Guardian.

What We’re Reading This Week

Detail from John Singleton Copley, ‘The Death of Major Peirson, 6 January 1781’, (1783), The Tate. Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND.

YEHOR BRAILIAN

Livia Gershon, ‘The Problem With “Public Charge” Rules,’ JSTOR Daily.

Miles Larmer, ‘Global History for Schools,’ Historical Transactions.

Rachel Dinning, ‘”There Was No Feeling Sorry For Themselves”: Director Peter Jackson on the Soldiers of the First World War,’ Historyextra.

Podcast, ‘GHL Study Circle: Is Global History Facing A Crisis?,’ Global History Lab.

NATALIE BEHRENDS

Una Hadjari & Michael Colborne, ‘Why Ethnic Nationalism Still Rules Bosnia, and Why It Could Get Worse,’ The Nation.

Holland Cotter, ‘Brazil Enthralls With an Art Show of Afro-Atlantic History,’ The New York Times.

Adrien Daub, ‘The Return of the Face,’ Longreads.

Carrie Figdor & Robert Wilson, ‘The Eugenic Mind Project,’ New Books Network.

FATMA ALADAG

Issy Sawkins, ‘There Is Hope For Rohingya Refugees Fleeing Genocide,’ Imperial & Global Forum.

George Eaton, ‘Francis Fukuyama Interview: “Socialism Ought To Come Back,”‘ New Statesman.

Emile Chabal, ‘The Voice of Hobsbawm,’ Aeon.

SEAN PHILLIPS

Pankaj Mishra, ‘Gandhi for the Post-Truth Age,’ The New Yorker.

Yu-Shan Wu, Chris Alden & Cobus van Staden, ‘The Flawed Debate Around Africa’s China Debt and the Overlooked Agency of African Leaders,’ Quartz Africa.

Graham Bowley, ‘A New Museum Opens Old Wounds in Germany,’ The New York Times.…

What We’re Reading This Week

Silvia Federici, Witches, Witch-Hunting, and Women (PM Press, 2018).

JAMES PARKER

Silvia Federici, “Witches, Witch-Hunting, and Women,” New Frame.

Yohannes Gedamu, “How Ethiopia’s History of Ethnic Rivalry is Destabilizing Its Reform Gains,” Quartz Africa.

Nicholas Grant, “Nelson Mandela and the Racial Politics of US Imperialism,” Africa is a Country.

Emily Baughan et. al, “History and Humanitarianism: A Conversation,” Past & Present.

KRISTIN OBERIANO

Anita Hofschneider, “Why Talking About Anti-Micronesian Hate Is Important,” Honolulu Civil Beat.

Kevin Nadal, “How I Learned What It Means To Be a Filipino-American,” BuzzFeed.

JOSEPH SATISH

Fatima Arkin, “The Ambassadors For Open Access Standards in the Global South,” SciDevNet.

J.N. Sinha, “Decline of an Observatory,” Frontline.

Ramya Tella, “Climate Justice and Gandhian Morality,” Economic & Political Weekly.

Cassandra Willyard, Megan Scudellari & Linda Nordling, “How Three Research Groups Are Tearing Down the Ivory Tower,” Nature.

CHRIS SZABLA

Stephen Sedley, “What To Do With the Kaiser?,” London Review of Books.

Emile Chabal, “The Voice of Hobsbawm,” Aeon.

Sergey Radchenko, “Stumbling Toward Armageddon,” The New York Times.

Gabriel Winant, “What We Do,” The Nation.

What We’re Reading This Week

Afridi tribesmen (1878), Wikimedia Commons.

COLLIN BERNARD

Adam Tooze, “Tempestuous Seasons,” London Review of Books.

Mike Davis, “Trumps America,” Rebel.

Holly Brewer, “Slavery-entangled Philosophy,” Aeon.

Sarah Jilani, “Shifting Sands,” The Times Literary Supplement.

MEGHNA CHAUDHURI

Nir Shafir, “Forging Islamic Science,” Aeon.

Sumit Guha, “The Strange Peregrination of a Latin Noun: Tribus From Italy to India,” JHI Blog.

Andrew Liu, “How Asia Got Crazy Rich,” N+1.

Kevin Lewis O’Neill, “On the Importance of Wolves,” Cultural Anthropology.

MARTIN CREVIER

Manuela Andreoni & Ernesto Londono, “Loss of Indigenous Works in Brazil Museum Fire Felt ‘Like a New Genocide’,” New York Times.

Andrew Preston, “How Vietnam Was America’s Avoidable War,” NewStatesman.

Alexandra Schwartz, “Who’s Afraid of George Washington,” The New Yorker.

Danielle Jackson, “After the US Open, a History of Racial Caricature,” Longreads.

BOYD VAN DIJK

Jordan Michael Smith, “A Trip to Tolstoy Farm,” Longreads.

Becca Rothfeld, “How to Live Better, According to Nietzsche,” The Atlantic.

Jia Tolentino, “Jian Ghomeshi, John Hockenberry, and the Laws of Patriarchal Physics,” The New Yorker.

Philippa Hetherington, “Short Cuts,” London Review of Books.…

What We’re Reading This Week

Rodrigo Moya, Dust Storm, Mexico City 1958. Courtesy of Archivo Fotográfico Rodrigo Moya

FATMA ALADAG

Matthew Vitz, An Unlikely Environmentalism: Mexico City’s Urban Ecological Thought in the Age of Development, Global Urban History.

Faisal Devji, Will Saudi Arabia Cease to Be the Center of Islam?, The New York Times.

Michael Kwet, Break the Hold of Digital Colonialism, Mail & Guardian.

Helena Rosenblatt, What We Talk About When We Talk About Liberalism, Boston Review.

DEXTER GOVAN

Paul McGrade, Ireland Has Come Too Far to Be Dragged Back in Time by Brexit, The Guardian.

Ian Hislop, From Satirical Coins to Subversive Salt-Shakers: A History of Political Protect Through Objects, New Statesman.

Sasha Lilley, A Thousand Days of Democracy, Jacobin.

Gideo Rachman, America, China and the Route to All-Out Trade War, FT.

BOYD VAN DIJK

Matt Apuzzo & Marlise Simons, US Attack on ICC Is Seen as Bolstering World’s Despots, New York Times.

Brandon Terry & Others, Forum MLK Now, Boston Review.

Atossa Araxia Abrahamian, The Inequality Industry, The Nation.

Frank Pasquale, All Too Humanitarian, Commonweal.…

What We’re Reading This Week

The raising of an Indonesian flag alongside a United Nations flag in West Papua (1962).

LOTTE HOUWINK TEN CATE

Sarah Jaffe, “The Factory in the Family,” The Nation.

Peter Slezkine, “What Happened to the ‘Free World’,” The New Republic.

Sarah Stoller, “Forging a Politics of Care,” History Workshop.

ADEN KNAAP

Karuna Mantena, “Getting the NIEO Right,” Law and Political Economy Blog.

Terence Renaud, “The Socialist Minimum,” H-Diplo.

Thomas Maddux and Diane Labrosse, “Roundtable Review of Benjamin Allen Coates, Legalist Empire,” H-Diplo.

TIGER ZHIFU LI

Kevin Rudd, “How Xi Jinping Views the World,” Foreign Affairs.

“Q&A with Melanie Oppenheimer,” Australian Historical Association.

Simon Draper, “Selling NZ to India,” Stuff.

Emma Kluge, “Women and Decolonization Event,” History Matters Blog.

What We’re Reading This Week

When it was first displayed in Madrid in 1981, Picasso’s painting “Guernica” was protected by armed guards/Associated Press.

CAROLINE KAHLENBERG

Ann Snitow, ‘Talking Back to the Patriarchy,’ Dissent.

Alan Taylor, ‘100 Years Ago: France in the Final Year of World War I,’ The Atlantic.

Peter Hessler, ‘Cairo: A Type of Love Story,’ The New Yorker.

Sophie Pinkham, ‘No Direction Home,’ The New Republic.

CHRIS SZABLA

Alex von Tunzelman, ‘Whose Civilizing Misson?’ History Today.

Jacob Soll, ‘How Islam Shaped the Enlightenment,’ The New Republic.

Robert Mackey, ‘In a Fight Over Syria, Echoes of Spain’s Civil War and the Battle for Truth in Guernica,’ The Intercept.

Maggie Astor, ‘Holocaust is Fading from Memory, Survey Finds,’ The New York Times.

JOSEPH SATISH

Ashok Parthasarathi, ‘Science and Technology Diplomacy – Some Reflections,’ Current Science.

Sita Reddy, ‘Indian Botanicals and Heritage Wars,’ Wellcome Collection.

Snigdha Das, ‘Embrace of an Unforgettable Conservation Crusade Lingers On,’ Down to Earth.

Annabel LaBrecque, ‘The National History Center’s New Teaching Decolonization Resource Collection,’ AHA Today.

JOEL VAN DE SANDE

Siba Grovogui, ‘Future Anterior: A Genealogy of International Relations and Society,’ Blog Siba Grovogui.

Zahid Chaudhary, ‘What Is the Future of Psychoanalysis in the Academy,’ Psychoanalysis and History.

Siba Grovogui, Lecture ‘Our Future’s is Another’s Past,’ Institute for Comparative Modernities, Cornell University.  

What We’re Reading This Week

Batavia, 1682. Atlas of Mutual Heritage and the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the Dutch National Library/Wikimedia Commons.

JAMES PARKER

Joanna Kakissis, “An Anti-Immigration Speech Divided Britain 50 Years Ago,” NPR.

Rohan Deb Roy, “Decolonise Science – Time to End Another Imperial Era,” The Conversation.

Colin Grant, “Britain’s Debt to the Windrush Generation,” The New York Review of Books.

George Bisharat, “The Forced Displacement of Palestinians Never Truly Ended,” The Nation.

KRISTIN OBERIANO

Michael Goebel, “A Metropolitan World,” Aeon.

Matthew Longo, “The Border is Not a Wall,” Boston Review.

“There’s a Massive Free Catalogue of Indigenous Films Online – And We Have 6 Picks to Get You Started,” CBC Arts.

TIGER ZHIFU LI

Andrew Field, “Why I Remain in China After All These Years,” Blog Shanghai Sojourns.

Fernando Zamudio-Suarez, “Historians Want to Be Cited in the Media,” The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Antia Wiersma, “History is Relevant Everywhere – An International Scholar’s Perspective on the Annual Meeting,” Blog AHA Today.

Kirsty Needham, “Watershed Moment as Weibo Stops Blocking Gay Content in China,” The Sydney Morning Herald.

The Human Condition and the Laws of War: An Interview with Tanisha Fazal

Dr. Tanisha Fazal

Today, declarations of war belong to the museum of international history. Most states no longer declare war (e.g. Ukraine, Afghanistan, Korea) and often resist signing peace treaties. This has not always been the case. Until the late 1940s, half of all interstate wars were formally declared and seven out of ten ended with a formal peace treaty.

In Wars of Law, Unintended Consequences in the Regulation of Armed Conflict (Cornell, 2018), Tanisha Fazal, an associate professor of political science at the University of Minnesota, argues that declarations of war and peace treaties are more than legal niceties alone. In fact, they can tell us when wars begin and end; can trigger the laws of war; and can set the legal boundaries of wartime. In her book, she suggests the proliferation of increasingly restrictive laws of war has, ‘in a perverse unintended consequence,’ critically altered the incentives for belligerents to formally declare war or peace.

Fazal argues warring parties have stopped filing formal declarations of war and signing interstate peace treaties in order to create ambiguity as to whether the laws of war apply. An important reason for this development, she claims, is the growing split between the ‘lawmakers’ (humanitarians) and ‘lawtakers’ (soldiers). With the declining percentage of military representatives at lawmaking conferences, the laws of war have become increasingly restrictive on those applying them in times of war. 

The main consequence of this proliferation of tougher restrictions for warmaking is, according to Fazal, that states increasingly tend to frame their wars as ‘counterterrorism’. Some states today are both never and always in a state that approximates war. Fazal first encountered this puzzle when she witnessed how after 9/11 US troops invaded Afghanistan without filing a formal declaration of war. With the Bush Administration’s initial decision to reject applying the Geneva Conventions, she found that the laws of war created ‘perverse incentives’ for warring parties to engage in legal gymnastics to limit their obligations in wartime. The rising costs of compliance with ever-higher standards, she claims, have encouraged states to avoid stepping over ‘any bright lines’ that would directly oblige them to comply with the rules of war.